Test Name: Saccharomyces Cerevisiae IgA and IgG AntibodiesLab Section Specimen Processing Area
Alternate Description S. Cervisiae IgA and IgG Antibodies Fluid Type Serum
Minimum Volume 2.0  ml serum
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Non Gel Red Top
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required 5 ml whole blood in a Non Gel Red Top
Transport Time
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability
Specimen TransportRefrigerate
Test Results
Availability
Stat Availability
Test Turnaround Time Routines & Stats
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house)Spin, separate, refrigerate until shipped
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)
Reference ValueAccompanies report
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name:SycamoreLab SectionSpecimen Processing Area
Alternate DescriptionRast/Maple LeafFluid TypeSerum
Minimum Volume.1 ml serum
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Non Gel Red Top
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required3 ml whole blood in a Non Gel Red Top
Transport Time
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability
Specimen TransportRefrigerate
Test Results
Availability
Stat Availability
Test Turnaround Time Routines & Stats
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house)Spin, separate, refrigerate until shipped
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)
Reference ValueAccompanies report
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name:Synovial CrystalsLab SectionHematology
Alternate DescriptionFluid TypeFluid
Minimum Volume0.5 ml fluid
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport 3 ml fluid in Non Gel Red Top (Preferred) or Lavender Top
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required
Transport Time
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability8 hours if refrigerated
Specimen TransportRefrigerate
Test Results
Availability24 hours a day, seven days a week
Stat Availability24 hours a day, seven days a week
Test Turnaround Time                       Routines & Stats 4 hours, dayshift. Stat preliminary reports issued during evening and night shift. Final reports issued the following day.
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house)Refrigerate until analysis
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)Refrigerate until courier pickup
Reference ValueNegative
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name:Synovial Fluid - Uric AcidLab SectionChemistry
Alternate DescriptionFluid TypeFluid
Minimum Volume0.2 ml fluid
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Synovial Fluid in a sterile Non Gel Red Top 
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required
Transport Time
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability8 hours if refrigerated
Specimen TransportRefrigerate
Test Results
Availability24 hours a day, seven days a week
Stat Availability24 hours a day, seven days a week
Test Turnaround Time                       Routines & Stats
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house)Refrigerate until analysis
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)Refrigerate until courier pickup
Reference ValueAccompanies Report
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Sagebrush Lab Section Specimen Processing Area
Alternate Description Rast Fluid Type Serum
Minimum Volume .1 ml serum
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Non Gel Red Top
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required 3 ml whole blood in a Non Gel Red Top
Transport Time
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability 72 hours if refrigerated
Specimen Transport Refrigerate
Test Results
Availability
Stat Availability
Test Turnaround Time Routines & Stats
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Spin, separate, refrigerate until shipped
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)
Reference Value Accompanies report
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Salicylates Lab Section Chemistry
Alternate Description Aspirin Fluid Type Whole Blood
Minimum Volume

1 full Gel Green Microtainer

Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Gel Green Top
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required 4 ml whole blood in a Gel Green Top
Transport Time
Additional Test Information Peak: Collect sample 2 hours after the dose was administered.
Specimen Stability 24 hours if refrigerated
Specimen Transport Refrigerate
Test Results
Availability 24 hours a day, seven days a week
Stat Availability 24 hours a day, seven days a week
Test Turnaround Time                       Routines & Stats R 4 hours S 1 hour
Critical Value >30 mg/dL
Specimen Preparation (In house) Spin and refrigerate until analysis
Specimen Preparation (Outreach) Spin within 4 hours of collection. Refrigerate until courier pickup.
Reference Value Negative. Therapeutic range <20 mg/dL
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Salmon Lab Section Specimen Processing Area
Alternate Description Rast Fluid Type Serum
Minimum Volume 0.1 ml Serum
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Non Gel Red Top
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required 3 ml whole blood in a Non Gel Red Top
Transport Time
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability  
Specimen Transport Refrigerate
Test Results  
Availability  
Stat Availability  
Test Turnaround Time        Routines & Stats
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Spin, separate, refrigerate until shipped
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)  
Reference Value Accompanies report
Special Handling Instructions  

Test Name: Sarcoglycans, Merosin, & Dystrophin Lab Section Specimen Processing Area
Alternate Description Fluid Type Tissue
Minimum Volume
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Frozen Tissue Biopsy
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required
Transport Time
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability
Specimen Transport Frozen
Test Results
Availability
Stat Availability
Test Turnaround Time Routines & Stats
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house)
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)
Reference Value
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Scallop Lab Section Specimen Processing Area
Alternate Description Rast Fluid Type Serum
Minimum Volume 0.1 ml Serum
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Non Gel Red Top
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required 3 ml whole blood in a Non Gel Red Top
Transport Time
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability  
Specimen Transport Refrigerate
Test Results  
Availability  
Stat Availability  
Test Turnaround Time        Routines & Stats
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Spin, separate, refrigerate until shipped
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)  
Reference Value Accompanies report
Special Handling Instructions  

Test Name: Scleroderma 70 Antibodies Lab Section Virology
Alternate Description SCL-70 Fluid Type Whole Blood
Minimum Volume 3 ml Whole Blood
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Non Gel Red Top
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required 7 ml whole blood in a Non Gel Red Top or .7 ml whole blood in (2) Non Gel Red microtainers
Transport Time
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability 48 hours if refrigerated
Specimen Transport Refrigerate. DO NOT FREEZE
Test Results Numerical Value
Availability Monday, Wednesday, and Friday
Stat Availability NOT
Test Turnaround Time        Routines & Stats
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Allow to clot. Centrifuge 10 minutes at 1,000 G and separate serum into glass 12 x 75 pour-off tube. Refrigerate until analysis.
Specimen Preparation (Outreach) Spin, separate into plastic 12 x 75 pour-off tube. Cap with plastic red stopper.  Refrigerate until courier pickup.
Reference Value
Special Handling Instructions DO NOT FREEZE.

Test Name: Selenium Lab Section Specimen Processing Area
Alternate Description Fluid Type Plasma
Minimum Volume 2 ml plasma
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Dark Blue Top Tube with EDTA
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required 6 ml whole blood in Dark Blue Top Tube
Transport Time
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability
Specimen Transport Refrigerate
Test Results
Availability
Stat Availability
Test Turnaround Time Routines & Stats
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Spin, separate and transfer plasma into an acid washed container. Freeze until shipped
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)
Reference Value
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Seminal Fructose Lab Section Specimen Processing Area
Alternate Description Fructose, Semen Fluid Type Semen
Minimum Volume 0.5 ml Semen
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Plastic, leak proof container
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required 1 ml fresh semen, submitted in a plastic leak proof container
Transport Time
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability
Specimen Transport Frozen
Test Results
Availability
Stat Availability
Test Turnaround Time Routines & Stats
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Freeze immediately
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)
Reference Value Accompanies report
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Serotonin, Blood Lab Section Specimen Processing Area
Alternate Description Fluid Type Whole Blood
Minimum Volume 4 ml whole blood
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Lavender Top Tube
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required 4 ml whole blood in a Lavender Top
Transport Time
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability
Specimen Transport Frozen
Test Results
Availability
Stat Availability
Test Turnaround Time Routines & Stats
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Immediately mix 4 ml whole blood with a plastic bottle containing ascorbic acid (Supplied by AML). Mix and freeze immediately.
Specimen Preparation (Outreach) Not available as an outreach test.
Reference Value
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Serum Electrophoresis Lab Section Chemistry
Alternate Description EPG, Serum Protein Fluid Type Serum
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Non Gel Red Top
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required 7 ml whole blood in a Non Gel Red Top
Transport Time
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability 72 hours if refrigerated
Specimen Transport Refrigerate
Test Results
Availability Setup: Mondays, Thursdays
Stat Availability
Test Turnaround Time Routines & Stats
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation   (In house) Spin/separate and refrigerate until analysis
Specimen Preparation (Outreach) Spin within 4 hours of collection, separate serum into plastic 12 X 75 pour-off tube. Cap with red plastic stopper. Refrigerate until courier pickup.
Reference Value
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Sesame Seed Lab Section Specimen Processing Area
Alternate Description Rast Fluid Type Serum
Minimum Volume .1 ml serum
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Non Gel Red Top
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required 3 ml whole blood in a Non Gel Red Top
Transport Time
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability
Specimen Transport Refrigerate
Test Results
Availability
Stat Availability
Test Turnaround Time Routines & Stats
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Spin, separate, refrigerate until shipped
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)
Reference Value Accompanies report
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Sex Hormone Binding Globulin Lab Section Specimen Processing Area
Alternate Description Fluid Type Serum
Minimum Volume .5 ml serum
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Non Gel Red Top
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required 3 ml whole blood in a Non Gel Red Top
Transport Time
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability
Specimen Transport Refrigerate
Test Results
Availability
Stat Availability
Test Turnaround Time Routines & Stats
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Spin, separate, refrigerate until shipped
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)
Reference Value
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Shrimp Lab Section Specimen Processing Area
Alternate Description Rast Fluid Type Serum
Minimum Volume .1 ml serum
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Non Gel Red Top
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required 3 ml whole blood in a Non Gel Red Top
Transport Time
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability
Specimen Transport Refrigerate
Test Results
Availability
Stat Availability
Test Turnaround Time Routines & Stats
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Spin, separate, refrigerate until shipped
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)
Reference Value Accompanies report
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Sickle Cell Screen Lab Section Blood Bank
Alternate Description Fluid Type Whole blood
Minimum Volume 0.6 ml whole blood in a Lavender
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Lavender Top Tube
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required 3 ml whole blood in a Lavender Top
Transport Time
Additional Test Information This test is not recommended for patients under 6 months of age.
Specimen Stability 72 hours if refrigerated
Specimen Transport Refrigerate
Test Results
Availability 24 hours a day, seven days a week
Stat Availability 24 hours a day, seven days a week
Test Turnaround Time                       Routines & Stats R 4 hours S 2 hours
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Refrigerate until analysis
Specimen Preparation (Outreach) Refrigerate until courier pickup
Reference Value Negative
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Single Stranded DNA Antibody Lab Section Specimen Processing Area
Alternate Description Single Stranded DNA Antibody, ssDNA IgG Antibodies Fluid Type Serum
Minimum Volume 1 ml serum
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Non Gel Red Top
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required 3 ml whole blood in a Non Gel Red Top
Transport Time
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability
Specimen Transport Frozen
Test Results
Availability
Stat Availability
Test Turnaround Time Routines & Stats
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Spin, separate, freeze until shipped
Specimen Preparation (Outreach) Spin, separate into plastic 12 X 75 pour-off tube. Cap with plastic red stopper. Freeze immediately. Notify courier that specimen needs to be transported frozen.
Reference Value
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Sjogren's Syndrome Antibody - SSA Lab Section Virology
Alternate Description SSA  Antibody Sjogren's Syndrome Antibodies SS-A (RO) Fluid Type Whole Blood
Minimum Volume 3 ml Whole Blood
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Non Gel Red Top
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required 7 ml whole blood in Non Gel Red Top or 0.7 ml whole blood in (2) Red Non Gel Microtainers
Transport Time
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability 48 hours if refrigerated
Specimen Transport Refrigerate. DO NOT FREEZE
Test Results Numerical Value
Availability Monday, Wednesday, Friday
Stat Availability NOT
Test Turnaround Time Routines & Stats
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Allow to clot. Spin 10 minutes, separate into plastic pour-off tubes and cap. Refrigerate until analyzed.
Specimen Preparation (Outreach) Allow to clot. Spin 10 minutes, separate into plastic pour-off tubes and cap. Refrigerate until courier pickup.
Reference Value
Special Handling Instructions DO NOT FREEZE.

Test Name: Sjogren's Syndrome Antibody - SSB Lab Section Virology
Alternate Description SSB  Antibody Sjogren's Syndrome Antibodies SS-B (La) Fluid Type Whole Blood
Minimum Volume 3 ml Whole Blood
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Non Gel Red Top
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required 7 ml whole blood in Non Gel Red Top or 0.7 ml whole blood in (2) Red Non Gel Microtainers
Transport Time
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability 48 hours if refrigerated
Specimen Transport Refrigerate. DO NOT FREEZE
Test Results Numerical Value
Availability Monday, Wednesday, Friday
Stat Availability NOT
Test Turnaround Time Routines & Stats
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Allow to clot. Spin 10 minutes, separate into plastic pour-off tubes and cap. Refrigerate until analyzed.
Specimen Preparation (Outreach) Allow to clot. Spin 10 minutes, separate into plastic pour-off tubes and cap. Refrigerate until courier pickup.
Reference Value
Special Handling Instructions DO NOT FREEZE.

Test Name: Smear: Fecal Leukocytes Lab Section Microbiology
Alternate Description Fluid Type
Minimum Volume
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport
Container (Microbiology) Fresh stool (<2 hours old)
Container Whole Blood Required
Transport Time <2 hours
Additional Test Information Rectal swabs are not acceptable
Specimen Stability 2 hours at room temperature
Specimen Transport Room Temperature
Test Results Negative: No Leukocytes identified / Positive: Quantity of PMN's or WBC's
Availability 24 hours a day 7 days a week
Stat Availability
Test Turnaround Time                       Routines & Stats Within 8 hours of receipt of specimen
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house)
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)  
Reference Value
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Smear: Fungus Smear Lab Section Microbiology
Alternate Description Calcofluor White Prep Fluid Type
Minimum Volume 1 ml
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport
Container (Microbiology) Specimen in sterile container or BBL Culturette
Container Whole Blood Required
Transport Time
Additional Test Information Cytology fixatives interfere with interpretation
Specimen Stability 12 hours at room temperature
Specimen Transport Room Temperature
Test Results Fungal elements seen or not seen
Availability 08:00-16:00 hours, Monday through Friday
Stat Availability
Test Turnaround Time                       Routines & Stats If received by 12:00 hours results available by 16:00 hours seven days a week
Critical Value Fungal elements seen from sterile source
Specimen Preparation (In house)
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)
Reference Value No fungal elements seen.
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Smear: Gram Smear, Only Lab Section Microbiology
Alternate Description Stain for bacteria Fluid Type
Minimum Volume 1 ml
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport
Container (Microbiology) Specimen in a sterile container, swab culture collection/transport system
Container Whole Blood Required
Transport Time
Additional Test Information Indicate source of specimen
Specimen Stability 2 hours at room temperature
Specimen Transport Room Temperature
Test Results Quantity of cell / Organisms
Availability 24 hours a day, seven days a week
Stat Availability 24 hours a day, seven days a week
Test Turnaround Time                       Routines & Stats Within 8 hours of receipt of specimen; if STAT 2 hours
Critical Value Any quantity of organisms seen on sterile sources
Specimen Preparation (In house)
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)
Reference Value
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Sodium Lab Section Chemistry
Alternate Description Fluid Type Plasma
Minimum Volume .4 ml whole blood in a Gel Green Microtainer
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Gel Green Top
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required 4 ml whole blood in a Gel Green Top
Transport Time
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability 72 hours if refrigerated
Specimen Transport Refrigerate
Test Results
Availability 24 hours a day, seven days a week
Stat Availability 24 hours a day, seven days a week
Test Turnaround Time                       Routines & Stats R 4 hours S 1 hour
Critical Value Male/female and all ages the same: <120 mmol/L or >160 mmol/L
Specimen Preparation (In house) Spin and refrigerate until analysis
Specimen Preparation (Outreach) Spin within 4 hours of collection. Refrigerate until courier pickup.
Reference Value
Male/Female and all ages the same
137-145 mmol/L
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Sodium, 24 Hour Urine Lab Section Chemistry
Alternate Description Fluid Type Urine
Minimum Volume Submit the entire 24 hour urine to the lab
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport 24 Hour Urine Container with No Preservative
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required
Transport Time
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability 72 hours if refrigerated
Specimen Transport Refrigerate
Test Results
Availability M-F, 0800-2300
Stat Availability

Requires Pathology clearance

Test Turnaround Time                       Routines & Stats R 4 hours, S 2 hours
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Spin/separate and refrigerate until analysis
Specimen Preparation (Outreach) Refrigerate until courier pickup
Reference Value Male/Female and all ages the same: 40-220 mmol/24 hours
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Sodium, Fluid Lab Section Chemistry
Alternate Description Fluid Type Fluid
Minimum Volume 1.0 ml fluid
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Non Gel Red Top
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required
Transport Time
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability 72 hours if refrigerated
Specimen Transport Refrigerate
Test Results
Availability 24 hours a day, seven days a week
Stat Availability 24 hours a day, seven days a week
Test Turnaround Time                       Routines & Stats R 4 hours S 2 hours
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Spin/separate and refrigerate until analysis
Specimen Preparation (Outreach) Refrigerate until courier pickup
Reference Value No normal range defined mmol/L
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Sodium, Random Urine Lab Section Chemistry
Alternate Description Fluid Type Urine
Minimum Volume 1.0 ml urine
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Urine Container
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required
Transport Time
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability 72 hours if refrigerated
Specimen Transport Refrigerate
Test Results
Availability 24 hours a day, seven days a week
Stat Availability 24 hours a day, seven days a week
Test Turnaround Time                       Routines & Stats R 4 hours, S 2 hours
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Spin/separate and refrigerate until analysis
Specimen Preparation (Outreach) Refrigerate until courier pickup
Reference Value No normal range defined mmol/L
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Sodium, Whole Blood Lab Section Chemistry
Alternate Description Whole Blood Sodium Fluid Type Whole blood
Minimum Volume 0.4 ml whole blood in a heparinized syringe
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Heparinized Syringe On Ice or (gel/non-gel) lithium heparin tube
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required 1.0 ml whole blood in a heparinized syringe on ice or (gel/non-gel) lithium heparin tube
Transport Time
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability 2 hours if refrigerated
Specimen Transport On Ice
Test Results
Availability 24 hours a day, seven days a week
Stat Availability 24 hours a day, seven days a week
Test Turnaround Time                       Routines & Stats 1 hour
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Keep on ice until analyzed
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)
Reference Value
Male/Female ranges the same
Age Normal
>1month to adult 135-146 mmol/L
0-1month 136-150 mmol/L
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Sotalol Lab Section Specimen Processing Area
Alternate Description Betacardone, Betapace Fluid Type Serum or Plasma
Minimum Volume 4.0 ml serum or plasma
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Non Gel Red Top or Lavender Top
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required 12 ml whole blood in (3) Non Gel Red Tops or (4) Lavender Tops
Transport Time
Additional Test Information Test used to monitor therapeutic range.
Specimen Stability 72 hours if refrigerated
Specimen Transport Refrigerate
Test Results
Availability
Stat Availability
Test Turnaround Time Routines & Stats
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Spin, separate, refrigerate until shipped
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)
Reference Value
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Soybean Lab Section Specimen Processing Area
Alternate Description Rast Fluid Type Serum
Minimum Volume .1 ml serum
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Non Gel Red Top
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required 3 ml whole blood in a Non Gel Red Top
Transport Time
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability
Specimen Transport Refrigerate
Test Results
Availability
Stat Availability
Test Turnaround Time Routines & Stats
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Spin, separate, refrigerate until shipped
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)
Reference Value Accompanies report
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Specific Gravity, Urine Lab Section Microscopy
Alternate Description Fluid Type Urine
Minimum Volume 1 ml urine
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Urine Container
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required
Transport Time
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability 4 hours, if refrigerated in sterile container. 12 hours if collected in urine transport tube
Specimen Transport 4 hours, if refrigerated in sterile container. 12 hours if collected in urine transport tube
Test Results
Availability 24 hours a day, seven days a week
Stat Availability 24 hours a day, seven days a week
Test Turnaround Time                       Routines & Stats R 4 hours S 2 hours 
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation   Do not spin. Refrigerate until analysis
Specimen Preparation (Outreach) Refrigerate until courier pickup
Reference Value No normal range defined
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Specimen Held Pending Physician Orders Lab Section Blood Bank
Alternate Description Fluid Type
Minimum Volume
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required
Transport Time
Additional Test Information Requires R# IDENTIBAND and allows holding pending doctors orders for up to 72 hours
Specimen Stability 72 hours if refrigerated
Specimen Transport Room Temperature
Test Results
Availability 24 hours a day, seven days a week
Stat Availability 24 hours a day, seven days a week
Test Turnaround Time                       Routines & Stats 1 hour after orders received
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house)
Specimen Preparation (Outreach) No processing. Keep at room temperature until courier pickup.
Reference Value
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Spinal Fluid Cell Count and Differential Lab Section Hematology
Alternate Description CSF Cell Count and Differential Fluid Type CSF, Spinal Fluid
Minimum Volume 2.0 ml spinal fluid
Test Includes Color and Appearance, Red Blood Count, Nucleated Cell Count and Differential
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Sterile Spinal Fluid Container or a sterile container for shunts.
Container (Microbiology) Surgery Specimens
Container Whole Blood Required
Transport Time
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability 2 hours if refrigerated
Specimen Transport Refrigerate
Test Results
Availability
Stat Availability 24 hours a day, seven days a week
Test Turnaround Time                       Routines & Stats R 4 hours S 2 hours
Critical Value Male/female and all ages the same: >8 WBC/uL
Specimen Preparation (In house) NOTE: Glass red top tubes are being discontinued. Plastic red top tubes with a clot activator ARE NOT acceptable for aliquoting specimen to other testing areas.. Use a plastic aliquot tube for sharing specimen with other sections.

Refrigerate until analysis

Specimen Preparation (Outreach) Refrigerate until courier pickup
Reference Value See individual tests for normal ranges
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Spinal Muscular Atrophy Test Lab Section Specimen Processing Area
Alternate Description Fluid Type Whole Blood
Minimum Volume
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Lavender Top Tube
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required 10 ml whole blood in (3) Lavender Tops
Transport Time
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability
Specimen Transport Room Temperature
Test Results
Availability
Stat Availability
Test Turnaround Time Routines & Stats
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house)
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)
Reference Value
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Stat Toxicology Screen Lab Section Specimen Processing Area
Alternate Description Comprehensive Toxicology Fluid Type Serum, Urine, and Whole blood
Minimum Volume 4.0 ml serum. 25 ml urine, 3.0 ml whole blood in gray top tube
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Non Gel Red Top, Gray Top, Lavender Top and urine without preservatives
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required 3 ml whole blood in a Lavender Top, 3 ml whole blood in a Gray Top, 7 ml whole blood in a non gel red top and 25 ml urine in urine container with no preservative
Transport Time
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability 72 hours if refrigerated
Specimen Transport Refrigerate
Test Results
Availability Setup: Mon - Sat
Stat Availability 24 hours a day, seven days a week
Test Turnaround Time                       Routines & Stats 4-6 hours
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Spin, separate, refrigerate until shipped
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)
Reference Value Negative
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Stemphylium Botulism Lab Section Specimen Processing Area
Alternate Description Rast Fluid Type Serum
Minimum Volume .1 ml serum
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Non Gel Red Top
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required 3 ml whole blood in a Non Gel Red Top
Transport Time
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability
Specimen Transport Refrigerate
Test Results
Availability
Stat Availability  
Test Turnaround Time Routines & Stats
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Spin, separate, refrigerate until shipped
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)
Reference Value Accompanies report
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Steroids, Anabolic Lab Section Specimen Processing Area
Alternate Description Fluid Type Urine
Minimum Volume 30 ml urine
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Urine Specimen Container with no preservative
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required
Transport Time
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability
Specimen Transport Refrigerate
Test Results
Availability
Stat Availability
Test Turnaround Time       Routines & Stats Report available: 10-14 days
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house)
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)
Reference Value None detected
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Stone Risk Profile Lab Section Send Outs
Alternate Description Urine Supersaturation profile Fluid Type 24 hr Urine
Minimum Volume  
Test Includes  
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport 24 hr urine collection container
Container (Microbiology)  
Container Whole Blood Required
Transport Time  
Additional Test Information Place start and end date and time on collection container
Specimen Stability  
Specimen Transport  
Test Results  
Availability  
Stat Availability  
Test Turnaround Time                       Routines & Stats  
Critical Value  
Specimen Preparation (In house) Keep Urine Refrigerated during collection period
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)  
Reference Value  
Special Handling Instructions  

Test Name: Stool Culture Lab Section Microbiology
Alternate Description Stool for Salmonella, Shigella, Campylobacter, Ecoli or fecal culture. Fluid Type
Minimum Volume >5 grams (walnut size) or 5 ml of stool
Test Includes Screened for Shiga toxin-producing Ecoli (Enterohemmorhagic Ecoli, Ecoli 0157)
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport
Container (Microbiology) Stool, Rectal swab, Ileostomy Drainage collected in sterile container, swab culture collection/transport system, Enteric Transport Media (ETM)
Container Whole Blood Required
Transport Time Deliver to lab within 1 hour at room temperature or 48 hours if collected in an ETM container at room temperature.
Additional Test Information  
Specimen Stability 2 hours at room temperature or 48 hours ETM.
Specimen Transport Room Temperature
Test Results Absence or presence of Salmonella, Shigella, Campylobacter or Shiga toxin-producing E.coli
Availability 24 hours a day, seven days a week
Stat Availability  
Test Turnaround Time                       Routines & Stats Negative at 3 days; Preliminary reports issued  at 18 - 24 hours
Critical Value Salmonella, Shigella, Campylobacter isolated, or Shiga toxin positive
Specimen Preparation (In house) Specimen must be submitted within 3 days of admission
Specimen Preparation (Outreach) Must be submitted in enteric transport media (ETM)
Reference Value No Salmonella, Shigella, or Campylobacter isolated
Special Handling Instructions  

Test Name: Stool Occult Blood Lab Section Hematology
Alternate Description Fluid Type Stool
Minimum Volume 0.1 ml stool
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Prepared Hemoccult Slide or random stool specimen collected in a clean container without preservatives
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required
Transport Time
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability 14 days at room temperature (Hemoccult Slides, only)
Specimen Transport Room Temperature
Test Results
Availability 07:30-23:30 hours, seven days a week
Stat Availability 07:30-23:30 hours, seven days a week
Test Turnaround Time                       Routines & Stats R 6 hours S 2 hours
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Refrigerate until analysis
Specimen Preparation (Outreach) Keep at room temperature until courier pickup
Reference Value Negative
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Stool Reducing Substance Lab Section Send Outs
Alternate Description Fluid Type Stool
Minimum Volume 1.0 gm stool
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Stool Container
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required
Transport Time Transport immediately to lab after collection
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability 24 hours if frozen
Specimen Transport Freeze
Test Results
Availability Mon-Fri afternoon; Report available next day
Stat Availability  
Test Turnaround Time                       Routines & Stats  
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Freeze until analysis
Specimen Preparation (Outreach) Freeze until courier pickup
Reference Value See individual tests for normal ranges
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Stool, pH Lab Section Send Outs
Alternate Description Fluid Type Stool
Minimum Volume 1.0 gm stool
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Stool Container
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required
Transport Time Transport immediately to lab after collection
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability 24 hours if frozen
Specimen Transport Freeze
Test Results
Availability Mon-Fri afternoon; Report available next day
Stat Availability  
Test Turnaround Time                       Routines & Stats  
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Freeze until analysis
Specimen Preparation (Outreach) Freeze until courier pickup
Reference Value See individual tests for normal ranges
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Stool Special Pathogen Lab Section Microbiology
Alternate Description Stool for Yersinia, Vibrio Fluid Type
Minimum Volume >5 grams (walnut size) or 5 ml of stool
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport
Container (Microbiology) Stool, Rectal swab, Ileostomy Drainage;  in sterile container, Enteric Transport Media (ETM)
Container Whole Blood Required
Transport Time Deliver to lab within 1 hour or 48 hours if collected in ETM
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability 1 hour at room temperature
Specimen Transport Room Temperature
Test Results No Yersinia, Vibrio
Availability 08:00-16:00 hours, seven days a week
Stat Availability
Test Turnaround Time                       Routines & Stats Negative at 3 days; Preliminary reports issued  at 18 - 24 hours
Critical Value Yersinia, Vibrio
Specimen Preparation (In house)
Specimen Preparation (Outreach) Must be submitted in enteric transport media (ETM)
Reference Value No Yersinia, Vibrio isolated.
Special Handling Instructions Must be submitted in enteric transport media (ETM)

Test Name: Strawberry Lab Section Specimen Processing Area
Alternate Description Rast Fluid Type Serum
Minimum Volume .1 ml serum
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Non Gel Red Top
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required 3 ml whole blood in a Non Gel Red Top
Transport Time
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability
Specimen Transport Refrigerate
Test Results
Availability
Stat Availability
Test Turnaround Time Routines & Stats
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Spin, separate, refrigerate until shipped
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)
Reference Value Accompanies report
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Strep A Antigen Lab Section Microbiology
Alternate Description Fluid Type
Minimum Volume
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport
Container (Microbiology) Throat collected with swab culture collection/transport system
Container Whole Blood Required
Transport Time
Additional Test Information  
Specimen Stability 24 hours at room temperature, 48 hours if refrigerated
Specimen Transport Room Temperature
Test Results Neg/Pos
Availability 06:30 A.M. till 11:00 P.M.
Stat Availability 06:30 A.M. till 11:00 P.M.
Test Turnaround Time                       Routines & Stats Results available within 4 hours; 1 hour if STAT
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house)
Specimen Preparation (Outreach) Keep at room temperature until courier pickup
Reference Value Negative
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Streptozyme Lab Section Specimen Processing Area
Alternate Description Anti-Strep Exoenzyme Antibody Screen Fluid Type Serum
Minimum Volume 1 ml serum
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Non Gel Red Top
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required 3 ml whole blood in Non Gel Red Top or 1.5 ml whole blood in (2) Red Non Gel Microtainers
Transport Time
Additional Test Information Screen for antibodies to streptolysin, streptokinase, hyaluronidase, DNase B, and NADase. If positive, assays for ASO and Streptococcal DNase B can be helpful. Positive screens are quantitated.
Specimen Stability
Specimen Transport Refrigerate
Test Results
Availability
Stat Availability
Test Turnaround Time Routines & Stats
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Spin, separate, refrigerate until shipped
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)
Reference Value
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Strongyloides Lab Section Specimen Processing Area
Alternate Description Fluid Type Serum
Minimum Volume 1 ml serum
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Non Gel Red Top
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required 7 ml whole blood in a Non Gel Red Top
Transport Time
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability
Specimen Transport Refrigerate
Test Results
Availability
Stat Availability
Test Turnaround Time Routines & Stats
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Spin, separate, refrigerate until shipped
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)
Reference Value
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Succinylacetone, Blood Lab Section Specimen Processing Area
Alternate Description Fluid Type Whole Blood
Minimum Volume 5 blood spots on Mayo filter paper
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Newborn screening paper, supplied by Mayo. These filter papers are stored in the Clinical lab Send-Out area.
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required Filter paper
Transport Time
Additional Test Information Collect 5 blood spots on the Newborn screening paper, supplies by mayo. Keep at room temperature in a horizontal position for 3 hours. Do not expose the specimen to heat or direct sunlight. Do not stack wet specimens. Keep specimens dry.
Specimen Stability
Specimen Transport Room Temperature
Test Results
Availability
Stat Availability
Test Turnaround Time Routines & Stats
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Store at room temperature until shipped
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)
Reference Value Accompanies report
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Succinylacetone, Urine Lab Section Specimen Processing Area
Alternate Description Fluid Type Random Urine collection
Minimum Volume 10 ml urine
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Random urine specimen in a sterile urine cup
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required
Transport Time
Additional Test Information 25 ml of urine frozen immediately (at the patient bedside) after collection. Lab will take dry ice to the bedside and bring specimen back to lab. Contact Ginny Hand or her designate in send out area to make arrangement for sending test to reference laboratory. Fairview-University Diagnostic Labs.
Specimen Stability
Specimen Transport Frozen on dry ice
Test Results
Availability
Stat Availability
Test Turnaround Time Routines & Stats
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Frozen until shipped
Specimen Preparation (Outreach) Not available as an outpatient test.
Reference Value Accompanies report
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Sulfonylurea, Blood Lab Section Specimen Processing Area
Alternate Description Sulfonylurea Hypoglycemic Agents Fluid Type Serum or Plasma
Minimum Volume 2.0 ml serum or plasma
Test Includes Acetohexamide, chlorpropamide, glipizide, glyburide, tolazamide, and tolbutamide
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Non Gel Green Top
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required 5 ml whole blood in (2) Non Gel Green Tops
Transport Time
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability 72 hours if refrigerated
Specimen Transport Refrigerate
Test Results
Availability
Stat Availability
Test Turnaround Time Routines & Stats
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Spin, separate, refrigerate until shipped
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)
Reference Value
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Surgical Pathology (Histology)- Bone Marrow Biopsies Lab Section Surgical Pathology
Alternate Description Fluid Type Bone Marrow
Minimum Volume
Test Includes Specimen processing and diagnostic interpretation.
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required
Transport Time Deliver to the lab as soon as possible
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability
Specimen Transport Deliver specimens to the Surgical Pathology/Cytology refrigerator outside H2098.
Test Results
Availability 8 AM to 5 PM weekdays / Technical staff is not available from 5 PM to 8 AM on weekdays or on weekends and holidays.
Stat Availability STAT requests should be kept to a minimum.  All STAT requests must be approved by a staff pathologist, and the histology laboratory notified as soon as possible whenever a STAT is anticipated.
Test Turnaround Time                      Routines & Stats Biopsy results are generally available 24 to 48 hours after a specimen is accessioned.  Completed specimen results are available on PowerChart.  Inquires for status of current specimens may be obtained by calling extension (717) 531-8246 during weekdays from 8 AM to 5 PM. STAT's received in the laboratory by Noon on weekdays will usually be approved.  Specimens received after 3 PM on weekdays, at night, weekends and holidays will be accepted only under special circumstances.  Turn-around-time for STAT results varies from 4 hour to 6 hours.
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Routine bone marrow biopsy specimens are submitted in AZF (Acid Zinc Formalin) which are retrieved and delivered to the Surgical Gross Room (H2098) from 8 AM to 4 PM.  At other times and on weekends and holidays should be fixed in 10% neutral buffered formalin.
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)
Reference Value
Special Handling Instructions Any questions concerning specimen collection can be directed to the pathology resident or staff pathologist on service during weekdays 8 AM to 5 PM or on-call at other times.  This information is available by calling the Anatomic Pathology Office at 8246 weekdays 8 AM to 5 PM or from the HMC operators at other times.

Test Name: Surgical Pathology (Histology)- Routine Biopsies / Surgical Specimens Lab Section Surgical Pathology
Alternate Description Tissue pathology Fluid Type
Minimum Volume
Test Includes Specimen processing and diagnostic interpretation.
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required
Transport Time Deliver to the lab as soon as possible
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability
Specimen Transport Deliver specimens to the Surgical Pathology/Cytology refrigerator outside H2349.
Test Results
Availability 8 AM to 5 PM weekdays / Technical staff is not available from 5 PM to 8 AM on weekdays or on weekends and holidays.
Stat Availability STAT requests should be kept to a minimum.  All STAT requests must be approved by a staff pathologist, and the histology laboratory notified as soon as possible whenever a STAT is anticipated.
Test Turnaround Time                      Routines & Stats Biopsy results are generally available 24 to 48 hours after a specimen is accessioned.  Completed specimen results are available on PowerChart.  Inquires for status of current specimens may be obtained by calling extension (717) 531-8246 during weekdays from 8 AM to 5 PM. STAT's received in the laboratory by Noon on weekdays will usually be approved.  Specimens received after 3 PM on weekdays, at night, weekends and holidays will be accepted only under special circumstances.  Turn-around-time for STAT results varies from 4 hour to 6 hours.
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) All routine surgical / biopsy specimens are submitted in 10% neutral buffered formalin.
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)
Reference Value
Special Handling Instructions Any questions concerning specimen collection can be directed to the pathology resident or staff pathologist on service during weekdays 8 AM to 5 PM or on-call at other times.  This information is available by calling the Anatomic Pathology Office at 8246 weekdays 8 AM to 5 PM or from the HMC operators at other times.

Test Name: Surgical Pathology (Histology)- Neuropathology - Muscle Biopsy Lab Section Surgical Pathology
Alternate Description Fluid Type
Minimum Volume
Test Includes Specimen processing and diagnostic interpretation.
Patient Preparation The usual indication for muscle biopsy is muscle weakness.  However, useful information may be obtained from muscle biopsy in cases without overt weakness, such as collagen vascular disease (particularly vasculitides).  Biopsies from very young infants (first few weeks) should be avoided due to the difficulty in interpretation.
Specimen/Tube Type Transport
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required
Transport Time Neuropathology Lab personnel (pathologist and / or histotechnologist) should be informed by the clinician regarding the approximate time and the day of the biopsy, at least 1 day in advance by calling 531-8715.  Laboratory personnel should be called as soon as the patient is taken to the OR.
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability
Specimen Transport Neuropathology Lab personnel (pathologist and / or histotechnologist) should be informed by the clinician regarding the approximate time and the day of the biopsy, at least 1 day in advance by calling 531-8715.  Laboratory personnel should be called as soon as the patient is taken to the OR.
Test Results
Availability 8 AM to 5 PM weekdays / Technical staff is not available from 5 PM to 8 AM on weekdays or on weekends and holidays.
Stat Availability STAT requests should be kept to a minimum.  All STAT requests must be approved by a staff pathologist, and the histology laboratory notified as soon as possible whenever a STAT is anticipated.
Test Turnaround Time                      Routines & Stats Biopsy results are generally available 24 to 48 hours after a specimen is accessioned.  Completed specimen results are available on PowerChart.  Inquires for status of current specimens may be obtained by calling extension (717) 531-8246 during weekdays from 8 AM to 5 PM. STAT's received in the laboratory by Noon on weekdays will usually be approved.  Specimens received after 3 PM on weekdays, at night, weekends and holidays will be accepted only under special circumstances.  Turn-around-time for STAT results varies from 4 hour to 6 hours.
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Neuropathology Lab personnel (pathologist and / or histotechnologist) should be informed by the clinician regarding the approximate time and the day of the biopsy, at least 1 day in advance by calling 531-8715.  Laboratory personnel should be called as soon as the patient is taken to the OR.

For routine biopsies, muscle such as deltoid, biceps, lateral vastus or gastocnemius should be used.  In chronic disorders, the severely affected muscle should be avoided.  In acute disorders a more severely affected muscle should be chosen.  The site of prior trauma such as E.M.G. electrode insertion should be avoided.

Specimen Preparation (Outreach)
Reference Value
Special Handling Instructions Any questions concerning specimen collection can be directed to the pathology resident or staff pathologist on service during weekdays 8 AM to 5 PM or on-call at other times.  This information is available by calling the Anatomic Pathology Office at 8246 weekdays 8 AM to 5 PM or from the HMC operators at other times.

Test Name: Surgical Pathology (Histology)- Skin Biopsy for Immunofluorescence Lab Section Surgical Pathology
Alternate Description Fluid Type
Minimum Volume
Test Includes Specimen processing and diagnostic interpretation.
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Specimen transport medium is required.  It can be obtained from the Histology Lab, C7611, extension 8681.
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required
Transport Time Deliver to the lab as soon as possible
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability Specimen in transport medium will be acceptable for processing up to 4 days
Specimen Transport Deliver specimens to the Surgical Pathology/Cytology refrigerator outside H2098.
Test Results
Availability 8 AM to 5 PM weekdays / Technical staff is not available from 5 PM to 8 AM on weekdays or on weekends and holidays.
Stat Availability STAT requests should be kept to a minimum.  All STAT requests must be approved by a staff pathologist, and the histology laboratory notified as soon as possible whenever a STAT is anticipated.
Test Turnaround Time                      Routines & Stats Biopsy results are generally available 24 to 48 hours after a specimen is accessioned.  Completed specimen results are available on PowerChart.  Inquires for status of current specimens may be obtained by calling extension (717) 531-8246 during weekdays from 8 AM to 5 PM. STAT's received in the laboratory by Noon on weekdays will usually be approved.  Specimens received after 3 PM on weekdays, at night, weekends and holidays will be accepted only under special circumstances.  Turn-around-time for STAT results varies from 4 hour to 6 hours.
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Specimen transport medium is required.  It can be obtained from the Histology Lab, C7611, extension 8681. Specimen in transport medium will be acceptable for processing up to 4 days. Deliver specimens to the Surgical Pathology/Cytology refrigerator outside H2098
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)
Reference Value
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Surgical Pathology (Histology)- Enzyme Histochemistry Lab Section Surgical Pathology
Alternate Description Adenosine Triphosphostases (ATPaces) / Myoadenylate Deaminase / Phosphorylase / Succinate Dehydrogenase / NADH Tetrazolium Reductase / Cytochrome C Oxidase / Acid Phosphatase Fluid Type
Minimum Volume
Test Includes Specimen processing and diagnostic interpretation.
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required
Transport Time  
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability
Specimen Transport Neuropathology Lab personnel (pathologist and / or histotechnologist) should be informed by the clinician regarding the approximate time and the day of the biopsy, at least 1 day in advance by calling 531-8715.  Laboratory personnel should be called as soon as the patient is taken to the OR.
Test Results
Availability 8 AM to 5 PM weekdays / Technical staff is not available from 5 PM to 8 AM on weekdays or on weekends and holidays.
Stat Availability STAT requests should be kept to a minimum.  All STAT requests must be approved by a staff pathologist, and the histology laboratory notified as soon as possible whenever a STAT is anticipated.
Test Turnaround Time                      Routines & Stats Biopsy results are generally available 24 to 48 hours after a specimen is accessioned.  Completed specimen results are available on PowerChart.  Inquires for status of current specimens may be obtained by calling extension (717) 531-8246 during weekdays from 8 AM to 5 PM. STAT's received in the laboratory by Noon on weekdays will usually be approved.  Specimens received after 3 PM on weekdays, at night, weekends and holidays will be accepted only under special circumstances.  Turn-around-time for STAT results varies from 4 hour to 6 hours.
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Call  the Neuropathology Laboratory at 531-8715 for specimen collection procedure.
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)
Reference Value
Special Handling Instructions Any questions concerning specimen collection can be directed to the pathology resident or staff pathologist on service during weekdays 8 AM to 5 PM or on-call at other times.  This information is available by calling the Anatomic Pathology Office at 8246 weekdays 8 AM to 5 PM or from the HMC operators at other times.

Test Name: Surgical Pathology (Histology)- Kidney Biopsy Lab Section Surgical Pathology
Alternate Description Fluid Type
Minimum Volume
Test Includes Specimen processing and diagnostic interpretation.
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required
Transport Time Deliver to the lab as soon as possible.
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability
Specimen Transport
Test Results
Availability 8 AM to 4 PM weekdays / Technical staff is not available from 4 PM to 8 AM on weekdays or on weekends and holidays.
Stat Availability STAT requests should be kept to a minimum.  All STAT requests must be approved by a staff pathologist, and the histology laboratory notified as soon as possible whenever a STAT is anticipated.
Test Turnaround Time                      Routines & Stats Biopsy results are generally available 24 to 48 hours after a specimen is accessioned.  Completed specimen results are available on PowerChart.  Inquires for status of current specimens may be obtained by calling extension (717) 531-8246 during weekdays from 8 AM to 4 PM. STAT's received in the laboratory by Noon on weekdays will usually be approved.  Specimens received after 3 PM on weekdays, at night, weekends and holidays will be accepted only under special circumstances.  Turn-around-time for STAT results varies from 4 hour to 6 hours.
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Technical assistance is provided in obtaining these specimens.  A histotechnologist is available during the hours of 8 AM to 4 PM, weekdays.  They can be reached at extension 531-6832.  Prior arrangement (1 day) is strongly suggested so that the technician can come to the area where the procedure is to be performed.
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)
Reference Value
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Surgical Pathology (Histology)- Electron Microscopy - Specimens  Lab Section Surgical Pathology
Alternate Description Fluid Type
Minimum Volume
Test Includes Specimen processing and diagnostic interpretation.
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Specimen transport medium (4F1G) is required.  It can be obtained from the EM Lab, by calling extension 8245 between the hours of 8 AM and 4 PM or 8681 if no answer.
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required
Transport Time Deliver the specimen to the laboratory immediately.
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability Specimen in transport medium will be acceptable for processing up to 4 days.
Specimen Transport Deliver specimens to the Surgical Pathology/Cytology refrigerator outside H2098.
Test Results
Availability 8 AM to 4 PM weekdays / Technical staff is not available from 5 PM to 8 AM on weekdays or on weekends and holidays.
Stat Availability
Test Turnaround Time Routines & Stats
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Electron Microscopy Specimens (Routine) - Specimen transport medium (4F1G) is required.  It can be obtained from the EM Lab, by calling extension 8715 between the hours of 8 AM and 4 PM.  Deliver specimens to the Surgical Pathology/Cytology refrigerator outside H2098

Neuropathology specimens for EM may include skin or rectal biopsies.  Assistance or information concerning specimen collection is available from the Neuropath Lab at extension 8715.

Blood and Bone Marrow specimens for EM need special handling before fixation.  Please consult the Diagnostic EM Lab, room C7812, extension 8245 before proceeding.

Specimen Preparation (Outreach)
Reference Value
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Surgical Pathology (Histology) - Neuropathology - Sural Nerve Biopsy Section Surgical Pathology
Alternate Description Tissue pathology Fluid Type
Minimum Volume
Test Includes Specimen processing and diagnostic interpretation.
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required
Transport Time Deliver the specimen to the lab immediately.
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability
Specimen Transport Neuropathology Lab personnel (pathologist and / or histotechnologist) should be informed by the clinician regarding the approximate time and the day of the biopsy, at least 1 day in advance by calling 531-8715.  Laboratory personnel should be called as soon as the patient is taken to the OR.
Test Results
Availability 8 AM to 4 PM weekdays / Technical staff is not available from 4 PM to 8 AM on weekdays or on weekends and holidays.
Stat Availability STAT requests should be kept to a minimum.  All STAT requests must be approved by a staff pathologist, and the histology laboratory notified as soon as possible whenever a STAT is anticipated.
Test Turnaround Time                      Routines & Stats Biopsy results are generally available 3 - 4 days after a specimen is accessioned.  Completed specimen results are available on PowerChart.  Inquires for status of current specimens may be obtained by calling extension (717) 531-8246 during weekdays from 8 AM to 5 PM. STAT's received in the laboratory by Noon on weekdays will usually be approved.  Specimens received after 3 PM on weekdays, at night, weekends and holidays will be accepted only under special circumstances.  Turn-around-time for STAT results varies from 4 hour to 6 hours.
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Neuropathology Lab personnel (pathologist and / or histotechnologist) should be informed by the clinician regarding the approximate time and the day of the biopsy, at least 1 day in advance by calling 531-8715.  Laboratory personnel should be called as soon as the patient is taken to the OR.

Approximately 3-4 cm of sural nerve is removed and transacted approximately into two halves.  One piece is fixed in 10% neutral buffered formalin and the other in 3% glutaraldehyde for paraffin sectioning, thin resin sectioning, teased fiber preparation and possible electron microscopy.

Sural nerve is generally biopsied behind the lateral malleolus.  However, the nerve may be biopsied in mid-calf region if it is performed during a gastrocnemius muscle biopsy.

Specimen Preparation (Outreach)
Reference Value
Special Handling Instructions Any questions concerning specimen collection can be directed to the pathology resident or staff pathologist on service during weekdays 8 AM to 5 PM or on-call at other times.  This information is available by calling the Anatomic Pathology Office at 8246 weekdays 8 AM to 5 PM or from the HMC operators at other times.

Test Name: Surveillence Culture Lab Section Microbiology
Alternate Description Fluid Type
Minimum Volume
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport
Container (Microbiology) Any source specified through infectious disease staff collected in sterile container or swab culture collection/transport system
Container Whole Blood Required
Transport Time
Additional Test Information

Submission of specimen(s) must be pre-approved by medical director.

Culture type used for predetermined research accounts or infectious surveillance

Specimen Stability 12 hours room temperature
Specimen Transport Room Temperature
Test Results Determined by researcher or infectious disease department staff
Availability 07:30-22:00 hours, Monday through Friday
Stat Availability
Test Turnaround Time                       Routines & Stats Negative at 2 days; interims issued at 18 and 24 hours.
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house)
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)
Reference Value No Growth
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Sweat Chloride Lab Section Chemistry
Alternate Description Iontophoresis Fluid Type Sweat
Test Includes
Patient Preparation Patient should be well hydrated. 
Specimen/Tube Type Transport
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required
Transport Time
Additional Test Information Schedule test with Special Chemistry at 531-8615
Specimen Stability
Specimen Transport
Test Results
Availability Appointments available Tuesdays (9:00-14:15), Wednesdays (9:00 & 9:45) and Thursdays (9:00-14:15)
Stat Availability
Test Turnaround Time Routines & Stats
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house)
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)
Reference Value Age dependant, accompanies report.
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Sweet Gum Tree Lab Section Specimen Processing Area
Alternate Description Rast Fluid Type Serum
Minimum Volume .1 ml serum
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Non Gel Red Top
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required 3 ml whole blood in a Non Gel Red Top
Transport Time
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability
Specimen Transport Refrigerate
Test Results
Availability
Stat Availability
Test Turnaround Time Routines & Stats
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Spin, separate, refrigerate until shipped
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)
Reference Value Accompanies report
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Sweet Potato Lab Section Specimen Processing Area
Alternate Description Rast Fluid Type Serum
Minimum Volume .1 ml serum
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Non Gel Red Top
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required 3 ml whole blood in a Non Gel Red Top
Transport Time
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability
Specimen Transport Refrigerate
Test Results
Availability
Stat Availability
Test Turnaround Time Routines & Stats
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Spin, separate, refrigerate until shipped
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)
Reference Value Accompanies report
Special Handling Instructions

Test Name: Sweet Vernal Grain Lab Section Specimen Processing Area
Alternate Description Rast Fluid Type Serum
Minimum Volume .1 ml serum
Test Includes
Patient Preparation
Specimen/Tube Type Transport Non Gel Red Top
Container (Microbiology)
Container Whole Blood Required 3 ml whole blood in a Non Gel Red Top
Transport Time
Additional Test Information
Specimen Stability
Specimen Transport Refrigerate
Test Results
Availability
Stat Availability
Test Turnaround Time Routines & Stats
Critical Value
Specimen Preparation (In house) Spin, separate, refrigerate until shipped
Specimen Preparation (Outreach)
Reference Value Accompanies report
Special Handling Instructions