Chronic Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD)
Dialysis is the process of filtering toxins and other excess materials from the blood. Peritoneal Dialysis accomplishes this using the lining of the abdomen (peritoneum) to filter toxins from the bloodstream. A catheter is implanted surgically and the abdominal cavity is filled with a solution of water and chemicals (dialysate). The peritoneum draws toxins out of the blood back into the abdominal cavity where it sits for a set period of time before being removed and replaced with another dialysate by the patient. This may be performed several times during the day and night to completely clean the blood.