Diabetic Renal Disease
Kidney failure is the final stage of a slow deterioration of the renal system. Diabetes is the most common cause of kidney failure accounting for nearly 80,000 new cases a year in the US.
Diabetes can be controlled through proper diet and drugs, but can lead to nephropathy and kidney failure, though most sufferers don't get to that stage.
Dialysis allows those with serious kidney problems to maintain a productive life, by assisting the kidneys in cleaning the blood and avoiding the buildup of potentially deadly toxins in the body.
African Americans, American Indians, and Hispanic Americans develop diabetes, nephropathy, and kidney failure at rates higher than average, though a reason is not known. Some factors may include heredity, diet, high blood pressure, and high blood glucose.