What is a Neurologist?
Neurology is a medical specialty dealing with disorders of the nervous system including diseases of the brain, spinal cord, nerves, and muscles. Specifically, it deals with the diagnosis and treatment of all categories of disease involving the central, peripheral, and autonomic nervous systems, including their coverings, blood vessels, and other tissue, such as muscle.
A neurologist is a physician (not a surgeon) who specializes in neurology, and is trained to investigate, or diagnose and treat, neurological disorders. Pediatric neurologists treat neurological disease in children.
Neurologists perform neurological examinations of the nerves of the head and neck; muscle strength and movement; balance, ambulation, and reflexes; and sensation, memory, speech, language, and other cognitive abilities. They typically work closely with the Neurosurgeon and perform most of the pre-surgical evaluation.
In the United States, neurologists typically have completed four years of pre-medical education, four years of medical school, and four years of residency training (including the intern, or first, year). Neurologists may also elect to complete a fellowship of one to two additional years in a subspecialty, such as Epilepsy.
An Epileptologist is a physician (neurologist) who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of epilepsy.