References

1.  Kales, A., Soldatos, C.R., Caldwell, A., Kales, J.D., Humphrey, F.J., Schweitzer, P., and Charney, D.:  Somnambulism:  Clinical characteristics and personality patterns.  Arch. Gen. Psychiatry 37:1406-1410, 1980.

2.  Kales, J.D., Kales, A., Soldatos, C.R., Caldwell, A., Charney, D., and Martin, E.D.:  Night terrors:  Clinical characteristics and personality patterns. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry 37:1413-1417, 1980.

3.  Soldatos, C.R., Vela-Bueno, A., Bixler, E.O., Schweitzer, P.K., and Kales, A.:  Sleepwalking and night terrors in adulthood:  Clinical EEG findings. Clin. Electroencephalogr. 11:136-139, 1980.

4.  Kales, A., Soldatos, C.R., Bixler, E.O., Ladda, R.L., Charney, D.S., Weber, G., and Schweitzer, P.K.:  Hereditary factors in sleepwalking and night terrors. Br. J. Psychiatry 137:111-118, 1980.

5.  Kales, A., Soldatos, C.R., Caldwell, A., Charney, D., Kales, J.D., Markel, D., and Cadieux, R.J.:  Nightmares:  Clinical characteristics and personality patterns. Am. J. Psychiatry 137:1197-1201, 1980.

6.  Kales, A., Bixler, E.O., Soldatos, C.R., Vela-Bueno, A.,  Caldwell, A.B., and Scarone, S.:  Biopsychobehavioral correlates of insomnia, I:  Role of sleep apnea and myoclonus nocturnus.  Psychosomatics 23:589-600, 1982.

7.  Kales, A, Caldwell, A.B., Soldatos, C.R., Bixler, E.O., and Kales, J.D.:  Biopsychobehavioral correlates of insomnia II:  MMPI pattern specificity and consistency.  Psychosom. Med. 45:341-356, 1983.

8.  Kales, A., Bixler, E.O., Vela-Bueno, A., Cadieux, R.J., Soldatos, C.R., and Kales, J.D.:  Biopsychobehavioral correlates of insomnia III:  Polygraphic findings of sleep difficulty and their relationship to psychopathology.  Int. J. Neuroscience 23:43-56, 1984.

9.  Tan, T.L., Kales, J.D., Kales, A., Soldatos, C.R., and Bixler, E.O.:  Biopsychobehavioral correlates of insomnia IV:  Diagnosis based on the DSM¿III.  Am. J. Psychiatry 141:357-362, 1984.

10. Kales, J.D., Kales, A., Bixler, E.O., Soldatos, C.R., Cadieux, R.J., Kashurba, G.J., and Vela-Bueno, A.:  Biopsychobehavioral correlates of insomnia, V:  clinical characteristics and behavioral correlates.  Am. J. Psychiatry 141:1371-1376, 1984.

11. Kales, A., Cadieux, R., Soldatos, C.R., Bixler, E.O., Schweitzer, P.K., Prey, W.T., and Vela-Bueno, A.:  Narcolepsy/cataplexy: I. Clinical and electrophysiologic characteristics.  Arch. Neurol. 39:164-168, 1982.

12. Kales, A., Soldatos, C.R., Bixler, E.O., Caldwell, A., Cadieux, R., Verrechio, J., and Kales, J.D.:  Narcolepsy/cataplexy: II.  Psychosocial consequences and associated personality patterns.  Arch. Neurol. 39:169-171, 1982.

13. Bixler, E.O., Kales, A., Vela-Bueno, A., Drozdiak, R.A., and Jacoby, J. A.:  Narcolepsy/cateplexy III:  Nocturnal sleep and wakefulness patterns.  Int. J. Neurosci. 29:305-316, 1986.

14. Kales, A., Bixler, E.O., Soldatos, C.R., Cadieux, R.J., and Vela-Bueno, A.:  Narcolepsy/ cataplexy IV:  Diagnostic value of daytime nap recordings.  Acta Neurol. Scand. 75:223-230, 1987.

15. Kales, A., Cadieux, R.J., Bixler, E.O., Soldatos, C.R., Vela-Bueno, A., Misoul, C.A., and Locke, T.W.:  Obstructive sleep apnea, I:  Onset, clinical course, and characteristics.  J. Chronic Dis. 38:419-425, 1985.

16. Kales, A., Caldwell, A.B., Cadieux, R.J., Vela-Bueno, A., Ruch, L.G., and Mayes, S.:  Obstructive sleep apnea, II:  Associated psychopathology and psychosocial consequences.  J. Chronic Dis. 38:427-434, 1985.

17. Kales, A., Bixler, E.O., Cadieux, R.J., Schneck, D.W., Shaw, L.C., III, Locke, T.W., Vela-Bueno, A., and Soldatos, C.R.:  Sleep apnea in a hypertensive population.  Lancet 2:1005-1008, 1984.

18. Kales, A., Ansel, R.D., Markham, C.H., Scharf, M.B., and Tan, T.L.:  Sleep in patients with Parkinson's Disease and normal subjects prior to and following levodopa administration.  Clin. Pharmacol. Therap. 12:397-406, 1971.

19. Kales, A., and Kales, J.:  Evaluation and Treatment of Insomnia. Oxford University Press, New York, 1984.

20. Loomis AL, Harvey EN, Hobart GA.  Cerebral state during sleep as studied by human brain potentials.  J Exp Psychol 21:127-144, 1937.

21. Aserinsky E Kleitman N.  Regularly occurring periods of eye motility and concomitant phenomenon.  Science 118:273-274, 1953.

22. Dement, W Kleitman N Cyclical variations in EEG during sleep and their relation to eye movements, body motility and dreaming. Clin Neurophysiol 9:673-690, 1957.

23. Jacobson, A., Kales, A., Lehmann, D., and Hoedemaker, F.S.:  Muscle tonus in human subjects during sleep and dreaming.  Exp. Neurol. 10:418-424. 1964.

24. Rechstshaffen, A., and Kales, A. (eds.):  A Manual of Standardized Terminology, Techniques and Scoring System for Sleep Stages of Human Subjects.  National Institutes of Health Publication No. 204, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1968.