Patient Resources

The following information is a brief list of diseases that may indicate eventual need for transplantation. This list does not cover all disease processes leading to transplantation, nor is this suggesting that having one of the listed diseases will always lead to transplantation. Please check with your Physician for more detailed information regarding these and other disease processes.

Chronic Renal Failure - The 5 Most Common Causes

Causes of End Stage Liver Disease

Antibody: part of the immune system that helps the body fight infection and foreign substances.

Antigen: the "marker" that stimulates antibody production.

Ascites: excess fluid in the abdomen.

Bile: a fluid produced by the liver, stored in the gallbladder, and released into the small intestine to help absorb dietary fats.

Contraindication: any condition which renders some particular line of treatment undesirable.

Diastolic: the bottom of two blood pressure numbers, which measures the force of the heart muscle at rest, when it expands and fills with blood.

Edema: excess fluid in body tissues; swelling of the ankles, for example, is a sign of edema.

Endotracheal tube: an airway tube inserted through the mouth leading to your windpipe to help you breathe during surgery.

Engorgement: local congestion due to the accumulation of fluids, usually blood.

Foley catheter: a tube inserted into the bladder to drain urine.

Fulminant: sudden and severe.

Hepatologist: a physician who studies the liver and treats liver disease.

Hypertension: high blood pressure.

Immune system: the system that protects the body from the invasion of foreign substances, such as bacteria, viruses, and from cancer cells.

Immunosuppressant: an agent given to prevent rejection of the transplanted organ.

Jaundice: a yellowish discoloration of the skin resulting from high levels of bilirubin in the blood.

Occult: difficult to observe, concealed.

Systolic: the top blood pressure number which measures the force of contraction of the heart muscle as blood is pumped out of the heart chambers.

T-Tube: a tube placed in the bile duct that allows bile to drain into a bag outside the body.